TECHNICAL INFO & LINKS (under construction...)

♦ Remote Desktop Connection "Console Session"
♦ UAC info, tips
♦ Remote Desktop Manager - free tool from Microsoft
♦ Bookmarklets - getting started
♦ Are batch files dead? Why would I use them in Server 2012?
♦ Auto Hot Keys
♦ Print MS KB articles in "Printer Friendly" mode
♦ Windows Explorer Command Line Shortcuts
♦ Special Folders Shortcuts
♦ UTF-8 key-sequences •
♦ Save a web page for later viewing as a single file
♦ XPS files are really ZIP files!
♦ asdf
♦ asdf



MK Networking

MK Networking

return to the top of this page    Download Viewers for Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint
Additional viewers can be found at Microsoft's web site dedicated to their Office Suite.

Word Viewer

View, print and copy Word documents, even if you don't have Word installed.  To download Word Viewer from the Microsoft Download Center, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

Excel Viewer

 With Excel Viewer, you can open, view, and print Excel workbooks, even if you don't have Excel installed. You can also copy data from Excel Viewer to another program. However, you cannot edit data, save a workbook, or create a new workbook.
File Formats Supported
You can open only Excel files (.xlsx, .xlsm, .xlsb, .xltx, .xltm, .xls, .xlt, .xlm, and .xlw). Even though you can open macro-enabled files (.xlsm, .xltm, and .xlm), you will not be able to run macros.

PowerPoint Viewer

PowerPoint Viewer lets you view full-featured presentations created in PowerPoint 97 and later versions with full fidelity. This viewer also supports opening password-protected Microsoft PowerPoint presentations. You can view and print presentations, but you cannot edit them in the PowerPoint Viewer.
Note PowerPoint Viewer registers with the .ppt, .pptx, .pptm, .pot, .potx, .potm, .pps, .ppsx and .ppsm file extensions only if a version of PowerPoint is not installed on your computer. If registered, double-clicking on these file types will launch PowerPoint Viewer.

Microsoft Visio 2013 Viewer

Microsoft Visio 2013 Viewer allows anyone to view Visio drawings inside their Microsoft Internet Explorer Web browser.
Viewing Visio drawings is as simple as double-clicking the drawing file in Windows Explorer. Internet Explorer will open, and Visio Viewer will render the drawing in the browser window. You can then pan and zoom in the drawing window by using toolbar buttons, keyboard shortcuts, or menu items in the shortcut menu.
Visio Viewer is implemented as an ActiveX control that loads and renders Visio drawings inside Internet Explorer.  The Visio 2013 Viewer works with Microsoft Internet Explorer 8, 9, or 10.   

(32 bit)
(64 bit)


return to the top of this page    Don't display last logged on user

To disable the Windows feature that shows the last logged on user, add the following string value:


Value: 1=hide, 0=don't hide

return to the top of this page    Search for Domain Name


Domain Naming Rules

return to the top of this page    The following are links to places to get free emails accounts:

CMP's TechEncyclopedia - Technical Definitions

return to the top of this page    Define This IT Term:

Or get a random definition                        

return to the top of this page    A Nice On-Line Dictionary

A nice on-line dictionary of Internet terms.

return to the top of this page    Starting Explorer With All Drives in Left-Pane

Normally, when you start Explorer, it opens up with the current drive at the top of the tree in the directory-pane on the left. To start Explorer with "My Computer" as the root, and all drives visible, adjust your shortcuts (right-click, select Properties then go to the Shortcut page) to Explorer by changing the TARGET field to read:
      C:\WINDOWS\EXPLORER.EXE /e,/n,::{20D04FE0-3AEA-1069-A2D8-08002B30309D}
Instead of copying that out by hand, just drag your mouse over it now, right-click, select COPY...and then paste it into the TARGET field later (right-click, then get the idea.) You can also achieve the same result by right-clicking on "My Computer" and selecting Explore OR by holding SHIFT while double-clicking "My Computer" but the above method yields a one-handed, no-keypress solution.

return to the top of this page    Bandwidth Speed Test Sites's Perfomance Test (choose "Basic Hosting" for connection type)
CNET Bandwidth Meter
MSN/ZDnet Speed Test High Speed Test
DSL Reports Speed test

return to the top of this page    Really, REALLY Erase All HDD Information

This debug routine is used to erase all partition information on the hard disk drive and is only recommend for experienced users who are unable to delete the partition information through fdisk.

A:\>debug <enter>
-F 200 L1000 0
-A CS:100 <enter>
xxxx:0100 MOV AX,301 <enter>
xxxx:0103 MOV BX,200 <enter>
xxxx:0106 MOV CX,1 <enter>
xxxx:0109 MOV DX,80 <enter>

 (80 for hd 0 or 81 for hd 1 )

xxxx:010C INT 13 <enter>
xxxx:010E INT 20 <enter>
xxxx:0110 <enter>
-g <enter>
Program terminated normally

Once this debug routine is complete, reboot computer and all partitions should be erased. Before anything can be installed back onto the computer you must run Fdisk and recreate the partition as well as format the hard disk drive. 

return to the top of this page    Misc Goodies (just not yet sorted or linked ;-)


You can change the location where Windows looks for installation files. For example, if you installed Windows  over a network from a server that isn't currently available, before you can modify your configuration, you must tell Windows  to look for the files it needs in a different spot. To do so, launch the Registry Editor and navigate to the
HKLM\SOFTWARE \Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup
key and locate (or create) the SourcePath key. Modify this key to show the path Windows should now use to find your installation files. Don't forget to end with a backslash.

If you're using the mouse to drag an object from one place to another and realize you don't want to make that move at all, don't panic. Continue to hold down that mouse button and press Esc to cancel the move (or copy). Then release the mouse button.


An incorrect value in the PagedPoolSize in the Windows NT Registry is a common cause for the message "Not enough server storage is available to process this command." If you receive this message, you might have a nonzero PagePoolSize entry in the Registry. Open the Registry and go to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\ Session Manager \ Memory Management key. Set the PagedPoolSize value to 0. If you change this value, you will need to reboot your system.


By default, Windows NT uses the system disk for all print spooling directories. If you're running out of space or fire off a large number of print jobs, this can soon become a performance bottleneck. You can change the spool directory by adding a new REG_SZ value named
HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Print\Printers\[PrinterName]\ SpoolDirectory
and setting it to a local path. You should replace [PrinterName] with the name you gave the printer when you created it. Note: You can't use a UNC path for the printer spool. You must use a fully qualified local path that exists before you make the changes.

You must stop and restart the Spooler service after making these changes to the Registry.


This tip will set Notepad as the default application for any extensions that are not associated with another application. It will also add Notepad to the right-click menu for every file. This feature lets you open any file in Notepad without navigating to Send-To and lets you double-click a file that doesn't have an association established, such as Config.sys, to open it in Notepad. If the file is too big for Notepad, you will get a prompt to open the file in Wordpad instead.


2. Navigate to HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\*. (This should be the very first subtree.)

3. A key called "shellex" should already be here. Add a new key called "Shell" at the same tree level as "shellex."

4. Under the "Shell" key, create another key called "Notepad."

5. Create another key under the "Notepad" key called "Command."

6. You'll see a string value named Default when you highlight the "Command" key. Double-click Default and enter "NOTEPAD %1" (without the quotes). Click OK.

7. Exit Regedit and test it out.

Use the MEDIA="print" style attribute to determine page breaks when printing Web pages. To use this technique, include the MEDIA="print" attribute in a style block, as shown:

    <STYLE MEDIA="print">
      <!-- page { page-break-before: always } //-->

Then add the CLASS="page" attribute to the element you want to appear on a new page. For example,

    <H1>I'm on the first page</H1>
    <P CLASS = "page">&nbsp;</P>
    <H2>This begins the second page</H2>
    <H2 CLASS = "page">This is on the third page! </H2>

Note that these styles are invoked only when the pages are printed, and they are supported only by IE 4.x and above.


As a systems administrator, you must work within the limitations of your company. Usually, you'll have one or two servers with two disks (or more), but what happens when your disk space is low, and you have nothing else to delete on the (sometimes) C:\ boot-system partition?

Your server also acts like a print server, so in the systemroot\system32\spool are the spooled files that are wasting your hard disk space. You can move these spooled files by opening Control Panel\Printers. Click File and select Server Properties. Click Advanced tab and change the Spool Server path from C to D. This trick will free disk space and also enable the print server spooled files to run faster.


By default, Windows NT Explorer always starts with the drive containing the Windows NT root folder (\winnt) expanded. But what if you want to start Explorer with a different drive expanded? You can do this by choosing Start| Run, and then typing

explorer /e, d:

Replace d: with the letter of the drive you want to expand when you start Explorer. (You could also modify the Explorer shortcut on your Start menu to run this command.)

Have you tried to delete a print job from your NT server, only to find that the job is stuck and won't delete? If so, here's how you get rid of it. First, close the Printers Folder. Next, open the Control Panel and double-click the Services icon. Click the Spooler Service. Click Stop. If you are using TCP/IP Printing Services, click it as well and then click Stop.

Next, delete the *.spl and *.shd files that show the approximate time and date of the print job causing the problem. You'll find them in the %Winroot%\System32\Spool\Printers directory.


If you have a computer with an unreliable clock, you can use your LAN to correct
it. At the command prompt, type:

NET TIME \\computername /SET /YES

The clock on your computer will be set the same as the one on.

Shortcut to Hibernate your computer:
%windir%\system32\rundll32.exe  powrprof.dll, SetSuspendState 0,1,0